CTBT ratification in the Middle East, Morocco demands at UN event
“The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) should be ratified by all countries in the Middle East as a confidence and security building measure. This would lead to more security for all,” Mohammed Loulichki, Morocco’s Ambassador to the UN in New York, told the participants of a CTBT workshop on 10 May 2010 on the sidelines of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) Review Conference.
The seminar was convened by the New York based EastWest Institute in coordination with France and Morocco, and was chaired by W. Pal Sidhu, the Vice President of Programs at the EastWest Institute [Event Report on EWI Website]. Entitled Promoting the CTBT: Politics, Science and Capacity Development, the workshop brought together diplomats, policymakers and experts from the non-governmental community.
A well functioning verification regime
“Overall, the seismic network can detect explosions well below one kiloton,” said Daniel Verwaerde, director of military applications within the French Atomic Energy Commission. The French expert also applauded the fact that the seismic network can detect events as small as 2.7 magnitude in the Euro-Asian region.
“This is a very well functioning, already operational system,” Verwaerde noted, suggesting that among the issues that should be further explored are the capacity improvement of the seismic auxiliary stations, the strengthening of the cooperation with the scientific community and the further use of the technologies for civil protection.
“The tests conducted by North Korea in 2006 and 2009 put the system to the test and showed that it worked,” said Lassina Zerbo, the director of the International Data Centre of the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), noting that the organization was fully able to meet the Treaty’s timelines in terms of information provisions.
While acknowledging that there can sometimes be a challenge to provide data in provisional operations, Zerbo concluded that “we are moving slowly from provisional technical operation to full operation.”
Progress can be achieved through different actions
“Our action plan has two objectives: universalization of the treaty and its entry into force,” noted Florence Mangin, France’s ambassador to the UN in Vienna, when discussing the initiative [Read a recent highlight on this topic] of the French and Moroccan Co-Presidency, built upon the commitments of the 2009 Article XIV Conference. Mangin called attention to the fact that progress can be achieved through bilateral action, activities at the multilateral level and political meetings at regional and global levels.
“Ten thousand scientists are behind this system,” said Tibor Tóth, the Executive Secretary of the CTBTO. Tóth underlined the need to make sure that all Member States can benefit from the Treaty’s monitoring data, and, in this context, emphasized the key role of capacity development. “We are reaching out to countries, international organizations, and educations institutions to forge partnerships at all levels,” Tóth said.
“The norm is so clearly in front of everybody, what is needed is action,” concluded Tóth.